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According to legend, the late Qin and Chu and Han contention early in the period, the great general Han Xin to ease soldiers' homesickness worry, invented a card game, because the sign face only leaves size, it is called "leaves play." ( "Leaf" brand, the size of two fingers. 8 cm long, 2.5 cm wide "leaf" brand, with silk and paper mounted into the pattern is printed with a woodcut version of). It is said that this is the embryonic form of poker.

 

    When the twelfth century, Marco Polo put this card game to Europe, immediately aroused great interest of Westerners. Initially, it is only the nobles luxury, but because of its low cost, diverse gameplay, and easy to learn quickly in a popular off.

 

Frenchman understood as the four suits spear, square, clove leaves and hearts;

 

German understood the four suits as leaves, bells, acorns and hearts;

 

Italians understood as the four suits swords, coins, crutches and glasses;

 

The Swiss four suits understood as acorns, bells, flowers and shield;

 

Britons will be understood to shovel four suits, diamonds, hearts and clover.

 

    Why these four color pattern as poker has always been a lot of argument. More focused statement the following two:

 

    One that is representative of society at that time the four colors of the four major industries, including spades spear, a symbol of the military; plum flowers on behalf of clover, a symbol of agriculture; tile squares represent artisans use; hearts representatives hearts, a symbol of the priest .

 

    Another said that the four colors from the European ancient divination pattern with artifacts, which spades olive leaf, a symbol of peace; plum blossom clover, means lucky; the box was a diamond shape, a symbol of wealth; and Hearts to Hearts type , a symbol of wisdom and love.

 

    Poker 54 models to explain very wonderful:

 

    King represents the sun, the moon Wang on behalf of the remaining 52 cards of the year on behalf of 52 weeks; hearts, diamonds, clubs, spades four suits were a symbol of spring, summer, autumn and winter four seasons; each suit has 13 cards, representing each season there are 13 weeks. If J, Q, K as 11,12,13 points, King, Wang was the slightest, the total number of points a deck of cards is exactly 365 points. And the big leap, Amy each counted as one point, a total of 366 points.

 

    Experts generally believe that the above explanation is not a coincidence, because the design and invention of playing cards and astrology, divination and astronomy, calendar inextricably linked.

 

    Legend had believed that Henry VIII was the model of four K pattern; the oldest surviving British poker four K's portrait pattern, there is the same with Henry VIII curl to split small beard and beard. Another legend model portrait on a pattern of four Q, is likely to Queen Elizabeth of York dynasty, that Henry VII queen. French poker manufacturing has been along various manufacturers its own line of development, to the 1813 government promulgated an official approval of the design for each face cards are given a name, until today, there are many poker follow this Title : spades, hearts, diamonds, clubs. Avatar names are:

 

K: David, Charles, Caesar, Alexander;

 

Q: Pallas, Judith, Rachel, A Jinni;

 

J: Huoji Er, La Hire, Hector, Lancelot pending.

 

Spades K:

 

    David (David, 1005 BC to 965 BC), the first monarch to any formal 10th century BC, the kingdom of Israel, God selected the monarch. David is a great monarch, warrior, musician and poet.

 

    David was the king of Israel the 10th century BC Solomon's father David, he uses a harp, and in the "Bible" wrote many hymns, so often harp pattern in spades K on the screen.

 

Hearts K

 

    Charlemagne (Charlemagne, 742 or 747 to 814) (also translated as Charlemagne), Charlemagne Empire monarch, he conquered most of Western and Central Europe land with the supreme authority, and completed the religious right and the throne of the alliance, He ordered Christian people throughout the country, thus contributing to the spread of Christianity. Charlie revive the Western Roman Empire, and set off a wave of medieval Renaissance. He is the king of poker not only a beard.

 

    King Charles I is the unique four K not bearded.

 

Box K

 

    Julius Caesar (Caesar, 100 BC to 44 BC), the Roman outstanding strategist, statesman, and promote the transition from the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire. He eventually won the battle for several years dictatorial powers, set consul, dictator, etc. power in one. Since Caesar governance measures touched the interests of the aristocratic Senate, and finally stabbed to death in the Senate Chamber by the opposition. Box K 4 Zhang ace is the only one to side.

 

Plum K

 

    Alexander the Great (Alexander, 356 BC to 323 BC), king of Macedon, Alexander the Great, the rise in Macedonia, the first off the enemies of the Persian Empire, followed in succession to conquer many Western civilization polis. Adjacent land west of Egypt, east of India's northwest border, the establishment of the ancient Greek empire reputed moment. On Alexander's clothes are always wearing jewelry with a cross.

 

Spades Q:

 

    Athena (Athena) the bellona Greek mythology is the goddess of wisdom, Athens is named after her, and her exclusive city. She is the only one of four Queen cards queen carrying weapons.

 

Hearts Q

 

Judith is the queen.

 

Block Q

 

Larkell queen.

 

Plum Q

 

    A Jinni (Argine) term by the Queen (Regina) word through letters shifting drawn, she handheld roses, red roses represent Britain as a symbol of the House of Lancaster and the white rose flag of York rose after the war finally reconciliation between the two sides roses knot together.

 

Spades J

 

Huoji Er is Charles (Hearts K) attendants.

 

Huoji Er (Ogier) also translated as Huo Kela, Danes Huoji Er is a fictional hero of Denmark, typical for the ancient French poetry.

 

Hearts J

 

La Hire is attendants Charles VII.

 

La Hire (La Hire, 1390 to 1443) Hundred Years War in the French commander, Joan of Arc comrades.

 

Box J

 

Charles Hector is attendants.

 

Hector (Hector) based on Homer's "Iliad" in the record, he is a prince of Troy Troy is the first warrior.

 

Plum J

 

Lancelot is King Arthur's Knights of the story.

 

Lancelot (Lancelot) England's legendary figures, King Arthur Knights of the Round Table a.

 

    Poker J (JACK) originally used KNAVE (villain) word, the word until the 1940s is still quite popular in the UK and continental Europe, and now has basically abandoned, but in Europe, such as Sweden and some other countries, is still use of the word. JACK instead of using the word KNAVE been able to quickly get one of the reasons accepted by the public, is at record or report card cases, or in the use of abbreviations, or the description of the process of playing cards, you can easily use the first word JACK a letter J, with KNAVE last word, you must use Kn, if only K can cause confusion.

 

    In 1840, after the Opium War foreign Poker also with foreigners to enter China. Poker was imported mainly from the United States and Japan, which poker because the price is cheap and popular. In 1931, the country launched a boycott campaign to promote domestic products, development of industries, the people of Shanghai Huang Jinsheng founded Greenwood card factory, trial out of China's first batch of poker, Red Lion poker.